In a new report Asset & Wealth Management Revolution: Embracing Exponential Change, PwC anticipates that global Assets under Management (AuM) will almost double in size by 2025, from US$84.9 trillion in 2016 to US$111.2 trillion by 2020, and then again to US$145.4 trillion by 2025. While the report predicts rapid growth for the asset & wealth management industry, it also warns that firms needs to take action now, if they’re to survive an exponential level of change.
Olwyn Alexander, PwC’s Global Asset & Wealth Management Leader, says: “Asset managers can take advantage of this massive global growth opportunity if they’re innovative. But it’s do or die, and there will be a ‘great divide’ between few have’s and many have not’s. As a result, things will look very different in five to ten years’ time and we expect to see fewer firms managing far more assets significantly more cheaply.”
- By 2025, AuM will have almost doubled – rising by 6.2% a year, from US$84.9 trillion in 2016 to US$145.4 trillion in 2025, with the fastest growth seen in the developing markets of Latin America and Asia Pacific.
- While active management will continue to grow and play an important role, reaching $87.6 trillion by 2025 (60% of global AuM), PwC predicts growth in passive management to reach $36.6 trillion by 2025 (25% of global AuM).
- Alternative asset classes – in particular, real assets, private equity and private debt – will more than double in size, reaching $21.1 trillion by 2025, accounting for 15% of global AuM.
- There is a ‘great divide’ between asset and wealth managers who have acted to ensure they are fit for growth, and those who have not.
- The industry’s involvement in niche areas such as trade finance, peer-to-peer lending and infrastructure will dramatically increase.
Olwyn Alexander further comments: “The industry must act in three areas. First, asset and wealth managers must be prepared for success in some areas and failure in others. This means they should reorganise their business structure to support their differentiating capabilities and to cut costs elsewhere. Second, every firm must embrace technology, as it impacts all functions and will determine if they win or lose in this fast-changing landscape. And thirdly, different skills are needed, backed by new employment models. Finding, nurturing and retaining the right people will be absolutely vital as the industry reinvents itself.”
Set for rapid, if uneven, growth
The burgeoning wealth of high-net worth individuals and the mass affluent, as well as a pronounced shift to defined contribution retirement saving, are propelling huge growth in the Asset & Wealth Management industry.
Retail (mutual) funds (including ETFs) will almost double assets by 2025 and institutional mandates will expand similarly. Alternative asset classes – in particular, real assets, private equity and private debt – will more than double in size, as investors diversify to reduce volatility and achieve specific outcomes. The industry is set to manage a greater share of global retirement and pension funds too. If current growth is sustained, the industry’s penetration rate (managed assets, as a proportion of total assets) will expand from 39.6% in 2016 to 42.1% by 2025.
PwC anticipates assets growing at 5.7% a year in North America from 2016 to 2020, slowing to 4.0% per annum from 2020 to 2025, lifting assets from US$46.9 trillion to US$71.2 trillion over the nine years. Similarly, Europe is projected to grow at 8.4% and 3.4% per annum respectively over the two periods, with assets rising from US$21.9 trillion to US$35.7 trillion.
Developing Asia-Pacific’s dynamism is set to spur growth of 8.7% a year from 2016 to 2020, accelerating to 11.8% from 2020 to 2025. This will lift regional assets from US$12.1 trillion to US$29.6 trillion. Latin America is likely to grow at similarly rapid rates of 7.5% per annum from 2016 to 2020, accelerating to 10.4% a year from 2020 to 2025. From a low base of US$3.3 trillion, the region’s assets are projected to increase to US$7.3 trillion.
Active investments will continue to lose market share to passives and alternatives, but AuM will increase across all three lines
Active, passive and alternative strategies are becoming building blocks for multi-asset, outcome-based solutions. In this context, demand for passive and alternative strategies will grow, but the place for active management will remain.
PwC forecasts that funds under active management will climb from US$60.6 trillion in 2016 to US$87.6 trillion by 2025, but their share of overall global assets under management will decrease from 71% in 2016 to 60% by 2025. Passives will gain huge market share, rising from 17% of AuM in 2016 to 25% in 2025, while alternatives rise from 12% to 15%. Passives’ AuM will more than double, from US$14.2 trillion to US$36.6 trillion; alternatives from US$10.1 trillion to US$21.1 trillion.
Olwyn Alexander says: “In the ongoing debate of active versus passive investing we are optimistic for both. While we anticipate a faster pace of growth for passives due to greater allocations than for active, we still predict growth in active investments, which will continue to preserve active management’s dominant market share. It is important to remember that in a rising market passive returns are very attractive at a low cost but that inevitable market corrections will bring a continued appreciation for the value of active investments. Both will be key building blocks in balanced portfolios to meet specific investor outcomes.”
Funding the future – bridging the retirement savings gap and funding bridges, power grids and retirement homes
Asset and wealth managers have been filling the financing gaps resulting from the global financial crisis. PwC predicts that their involvement in niches such as trade finance, peer-to-peer lending and infrastructure will dramatically increase.
Helping individuals to save for old age, as governments step back, is also a new opportunity to achieve profitable growth. All over the world, governments are relying on individual retirement accounts and defined contribution plans to help people save for retirement. Expansion in these assets as the world population builds wealth and life expectancy rises is one of the main forces driving PwC’s optimistic forecasts for growth in assets under management.
Investment firms will provide capital in areas such as trade finance and peer-to-peer lending. They will be more active in all aspects of syndicated lending activities traditionally undertaken by banks, e.g. arranging a syndicate of investors for large infrastructure projects. PwC anticipates soaring growth in real assets – mainly infrastructure and to a lesser extent real estate. Over the four years from 2016-2020, PwC forecasts a 27.5% per annum growth rate in infrastructure, slowing to 15% from 2020-2025. Infrastructure assets will expand more than fivefold, from US$0.6 trillion in 2016, to US$3.4 trillion in 2025.
Technology will impact every aspect of asset and wealth management
Asset managers need a keen eye for the technological developments that will be driving exponential change. Machine learning and AI are set to change the way research and portfolio management is conducted and Robotic Process Automation will revolutionise the back and middle office, while blockchain could have a profound impact on the services industry. They must design new products and services that meet changing needs. This vital social role is also one of the reasons why regulators around the world are making sure that fees are fair and advice is suitable.